Urine Drug Tests: Uses, Types, Procedure & Results

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Tests for drug use in urine, also known as urine drug screens or urine drug screens, are painless. Using this test, you can determine if you have ingested illegal drugs or prescription medications. It usually detects the few major substances which are:

  • amphetamines
  • methamphetamines
  • benzodiazepines
  • barbiturates
  • marijuana
  • cocaine
  • PCP
  • methadone
  • opioids (narcotics)

In addition to the urine drug tests, alcohol is also best to use for detecting it through the breath tests.

A urine drug test can often help a doctor to identify the problems of substance abuse. When a drug test reveals that you may be misusing drugs, a doctor can help you begin treatment. As you go through substance abuse treatment, taking urine drug tests can assist you in ensuring your plan is working and that you’re no longer using drugs.

Urine drug tests are performed for a variety of reasons

Drug tests strips may be playing a major role for different situations.

If any of the care doctors has suspected that you are having alcohol or drug issue, they will ask you to go for the test. You should also ask for some advices to follow up if the results have some out positive.

A urine drug test is often required before many employers can hire prospective employees. The urine drug test has the advantage of keeping people with drug problems from jobs requiring alertness and focus.

Someone who uses drugs could put a lot of people’s lives at risks, such as an air traffic controller or truck driver. Preventing on-the-job accidents may also be accomplished through drug testing.

Rehabilitation centers test their residents regularly for drugs and alcohol. People who attend drug and alcohol treatment stay sober due to this.

Drug test cups are also suitable for use at home. A loved one may be asked to take this test by a family member to show that they are not using drugs. You should consult a health doctor who can guide you better that how you can use the home test.

Urine drug tests types

Urine drug screens can be classified into two types. An immunoassay is a cost-effective and relatively quick method of testing. Nevertheless, it has some disadvantages. The test may not detect some opioids. It can also give false positives at times.

GC/MS (gas chromatography/mass spectrometry) is hence used for the sake of confirmation if your first test is found to be positive. As with immunoassays, this type of test involves getting a urine specimen. GC/MS results can take longer and are more expensive, but very rarely result in false positives.

In these two tests, there is a high possibility that you will receive a false negative result. This occurs when the test reports a negative result despite drug use. It is also possible for both tests not to detect drug use on the same day.

Results of the urine drug tests

Instant results of drug test cartridges are hence available on the sites and not on the others. Samples are even sent to the laboratory for testing in order to generate the formal reports on the basis of the drug test you are about to give.

A urine drug screening using immunoassays does not measure the drugs themselves. Instead, they measure the drug’s interactions with the body’s immune system and how this affects antigen-antibody interactions.

Nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) are known to be the results of this test. Few of the cutoff points are often used for the test. Negative screens are those with results more minor than the cutoff number, and positive screens are those with higher results.

A drug test with an instant result usually produces the result in terms of positives or negatives instead of numerical values. In most instant immunoassays, the ng/mL measurements are not displayed. Results are displayed on a strip that changes color based on various substances.

What are the steps for taking the test?

The urine drug test will probably be conducted in a specially prepared bathroom. The process is as follows:

  • The specific person who has been administering the test they will give you with the specimen cup.
  • When you are taking the drug test, you have to leave the briefcase, purse or rest of the items in any other room. All your pockets should be empty.
  • In some cases, you may be accompanied into the bathroom by a same-gendered nurse or technician. The nurse or technician should explain why the test is necessary.
  • You should use the moist cloth provided by the technician to clean your genital area.
  • Use the cup to urinate. A minimum of 45 milliliters must be produced for the test.
  • To ensure your sample’s temperature is within the expected range, we will measure its temperature.
  • As long as the urine specimen is sealed and packaged for testing, you and the collector must stay in visual contact.
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