IoT app development isn’t only a technical revolution, but it is an integral aspect of our lives. With years ahead, it is expected to see 34 billion connected devices. Thus, companies from a variety of sectors have begun taking advantage of the technology to improve their market positions.
With the rising popularity around the globe, it is the right time for companies to design connected solutions. This technology is quick as well as highly responsive and adaptable. It can be called an urgent need but it’s not without obstacles.
IoT App Development Top Challenges
A majority of companies are already using IoT app development. But only 32% of them are ready to declare that they have done it successfully. Many business leaders aren’t yet able to recognize the benefits of the implementation of IoT application development.
When they focus on reducing operational expenses, companies do not take advantage of IoT’s potential to resolve consumer issues. IoT app development can improve the efficiency of customers, their satisfaction and productivity over the long term. However, the gap between understanding the reasons to utilize IoT and the true benefit of putting it in practice is the main reason why companies are slow to adopt. The challenges of IoT app development are here below.
1. Technology Identification & Authentication
There are more than 19 billion gadgets connected today and connecting to all of them poses many security issues. That’s not just the complexity. The integration of a lot of connected devices in one platform calls for the formalization of a system and architecture. This will allow authentication and identification of the devices.
2. Information Security
After the devices are secured, the next IoT security issue will be to have secure communication between devices and cloud-based apps. A lot of IoT devices don’t have encryption prior to sending them out through the network. But, the best way to go is to use encryption for transport and to use standards such as TLS. Separate networks to separate devices is also helpful in establishing secure, private communication. Thus, it ensures that the information transmitted is secure.
Common methods include using firewalls and limiting accessibility to devices. Use one-time passwords that are randomly generated, and turn off OS features that aren’t needed for the particular device.
3. Complete Control over Quality
The use-case of IoT isn’t limited to supply chains. The data being transmitted now belongs to industries that are changing the way we live. This means that there must be a greater attention to ensuring the highest quality of IoT applications. Hire IoT app developers and they must ensure that they’ve included security tests from the start of their software development process to ensure its high-quality at each stage.
4. Gateways Selection
IoT gateways are essential for connecting all components. Different devices use different protocols for connecting Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zignee, and Serial Ports and others. These gateways are placed between cloud sensors, sensors and IoT devices themselves. They are connected in such a manner that the entire ecosystem is dependent upon the gateways.
The selection of a network on the basis of the interface specifications, power rating, memory capacity & the environment for development can be a difficult task. Hire IoT app developers for effective gateways selection.
5. Data Unstructured Processing
The addition of numerous additional sensors requires processing massive amounts of unstructured data. To manage and analyze, & sort out the most valuable information, IoT needs to be efficiently configured and deployed. Furthermore, unstructured data is not easy to store and analyze for future use.
Combining IoT as well as Big Data temporarily solves this problem by speeding up the analysis process. But, Big Data itself is extremely large, which poses problems in IoT developing software. The necessity of integrating IoT applications together with Big Data tools is a lengthy process. It is being carried out through some of the most renowned tech companies.
6. CyberSecurity Issues
In light of the growing number of cyberattacks, more and more questions are being raised about the problem concerning IoT security. Based on Microsoft research, approximately 26 percent of IoT devices are susceptible to hacker attacks in the next few years. Unfortunately, even the largest companies are susceptible to leaks of data. It is essential to find solutions that enhance security for both sides is the duty of IoT software businesses. Therefore, they have to be aware of all possibilities of attack. This includes securing users from their own. It starts with simple steps like urging a user to alter the default password.
7. Effective Connectivity
The primary focus of the IoT app will be connectivity. This is problematic when IoT sensors are required to monitor, process the information and provide information.
The answer to this issue is found in the planned design and application environment for the device. It makes all the decision-making simple for development.
8. Vulnerability Management
Complexity of IoT systems creates a challenge in assessing the consequences of a vulnerability, or severity of a breach. The challenges include identifying the affected devices and what information were compromised or accessed and the affected users by the breach. Then, take swift actions to fix the issue.
Device managers keep the register of devices. This register can be used to temporarily block and isolate devices affected until they are fixed. This is especially crucial for critical devices to reduce the possibility of causing destruction or disruption. These actions can be performed automatically by a rule engine that are based upon the policies of vulnerability management.
A multi-layered security-by-design approach for IoT app development is crucial for effectively managing data & devices. Cloud and mobile-based IoT apps and services are also addressing security threats and issues when they occur. Security issues that are not addressed in IoT systems could lead to malfunctions in the system, capital loss, etc.
By default, incorporate security which means that security features must be installed at the most secure settings. This allows you to protect confidentiality and integrity of data while also providing highly accessible IoT apps, data and services. With all the challenges known, you must counter them and work on effective IoT app development.
Harry Miller is an expert App Developer at MobileCoderz, an established Web & Mobile App Development Company. With more than a decade experience, he/she has worked with leading startups and SMEs. Apart from the professional field, he/she loves to play golf on weekends and is also a big fan of the NBA.