What Are The 4 Main Types of Aggregates?

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Aggregates are tiny pieces of minerals or rocks used in the construction industry. The four most important aggregates include sand, gravel crushed stone, recycled concrete, also known as fill. The different aggregates keep the components together and create various landscaping projects like roads, driveways, sidewalks and parking spaces. Let’s take a look at each aggregate’s characteristics and what it can do for you.

Why Use Aggregates In Construction?

Aggregates In Construction

Strength and Durability

Aggregates give the strength and durability of concrete. This allows concrete to achieve its maximum potential. In the absence of aggregates the product may not be able to handle the weight put on top of it , or be durable enough to endure in places with a lot of traffic, such as sidewalks or parking spaces without cracking in time.


The project’s requirements will determine whether aggregates are a great option to improve the overall appearance of the product. Aggregates can be found in a variety of shades, which are selected to be matched to the surroundings.


Aggregates are accessible in the majority of the country, which makes them easily accessible to contractors. Furthermore, there are many aggregate suppliers who are able to supply the material for projects if they require it.

Environmentally Friendly

Aggregates are formed from natural rocks and minerals; the fragments break away from larger rocks when they break away. This gives them the natural quality that makes it greener than plastic or steel, which require an enormous amount of energy to manufacture.


In most cases aggregates are affordable and long-lasting enough to last for a long time. This saves money for contractors and customers over the long haul.

The 4 Main Types Of Aggregates and Their Different Properties

Types Of Aggregates


Sand is a popular fine-grained sedimentary material that is made from pieces of minerals or rocks such as quartz. It is commonly employed in concrete and mortar mixes because of its small, round particles that are simple to mix. Sand is available in a variety of types, such as ordinary sand, coarse sand along with fine sand.


Gravel is a popular sedimentary material that is coarse-grained which has particle sizes range between 0.4 inch to 2 inches size. It is usually used for large to medium-sized aggregates for construction.

Gravel comes in two varieties: pea gravel as well as crushed stone. They are of an even form, and are ideal for large-scale projects like roads, driveways or other projects that require heavy traffic or larger weights.

Crushed Stone

Crushed stone is one of the more treated (version that of the gravel) aggregates made up of subrounded or angular pieces. It is typically used in projects of medium-to-large scale and is typically found on major commercial construction sites because it can withstand heavy traffic.

Crushed stone is typically found in a variety of shapes, such as teardrops, bowling balls or round rocks. between 2 and 3 inches in size.


Ready Mix Concrete Essex is made up of aggregates, cement, sand and water, forming solid material that is suitable for construction of roads, structures and pavements. Concrete is also formed under pressure and high pressure, by mixing the components, which is why it has its exceptional texture.

Concrete is used in landscaping projects. It is available in several types: prepared mix concrete, bags of concrete or unbagged.

Which Types of Aggregate Are Right for Your Project?

The ideal aggregate for your project is contingent upon the purpose of your project, its intended result, and the expected duration. For instance the common pea gravel or sand will be ideal for a shorter-term project. Such as landscaping they’re less expensive and easily accessible.

But, crushed stones are the ideal option for long-term projects like roads or construction projects that will last for a long time. They are sturdy and built for use in heavy-duty environments.